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Intestinal lipid malabsorption (ILM)

Summary

Intestinal lipid malabsorption (ILM) is a disorder sometimes found in Australian Kelpies (bench Kelpies). Affected puppies are usually called Kelpie mini pups. They are smaller than their unaffected litter mates, have dull and rough coats, big bellies, domed heads and round eyes.

Dogs with ILM cannot absorb long-chain fatty acids from their food like normal dogs.

ILM is an autosomal recessive disorder. Autosomal disorders can affect male or female dogs, while "recessive" means that a dog needs to inherit the ILM mutation from both parents to be affected. Carriers (dogs with an ILM n result) can safely be bred to clear dogs (those with an n n result) with no risk of producing affected pups. Carriers should not be bred to other carriers.

Gene or region and technical reference

Gene: ACSL5 (causative). Reference: O'Brien et al. (2020)

Reported alleles

n. Test developed using artificial DNA, animal cases.

ILM. Test developed using artificial DNA, animal carriers.

Panels: groups of tests that are often ordered together

This test is in the Australian Kelpie panel.


dog

These two pups are litter mates. The pup on the right is affected by ILM.

Order tests

There is a one-off sample processing fee of $40 per animal plus the cost of your tests.

How many animals are you testing? Discount or society code:


Panels


Colour panels

$24 B locus ... more

$16 E locus ... more


Working dogs

$59 Australian Kelpie panel ... more

$26 Working dog CA (CA panel) ... more

$54 Working dog core panel ... more


Good looks


Coat characteristics

$9 Coat length L (common form) (L) ... more

$9 Coat length L2 (L2) ... more

$9 Curly coat ... more

$9 Improper coat ... more


Good health


Australian Kelpies

$14 Intestinal lipid malabsorption (ILM)


Good looks


Coat colour

$9 B locus brown (bc allele) (bc) ... more

$9 B locus brown (bd allele) (bd) ... more

$9 B locus brown (bs allele) (bs) ... more

$9 D locus dilute d2 (Chow Chow type) (d2) ... more

$9 E locus melanistic mask ... more

$9 E locus red/black ... more


Good health


Multiple breeds

$14 Degenerative myelopathy (DM) ... more

$14 Progressive retinal atrophy - PRCD (PRA-PRCD) ... more


Working dogs

$14 Cerebellar abiotrophy marker (LINGO3) (CA: LINGO3) ... more

$14 Cerebellar abiotrophy marker (VMP1) (CA: VMP1) ... more

$14 Collie eye anomaly (CEA) ... more

$14 Trapped neutrophil syndrome (TNS) ... more

Tests can be in the list more than once when the gene in question has more than one effect. It is OK to select the same test once or more than once, the price is the same.